Contact information
Бишкек

Кыргызская Республика, с. Кок Жар 724316, ул. Мадиева, 18

11

The decorative and applied arts of Kyrgyzstan are bright, original, brilliant in their simplicity, and surprisingly diverse. The development of handicrafts and crafts among the Kyrgyz Republic was led by the practical, spiritual, and aesthetic demands of the household.

Weaving takes an important place among folk crafts. There are several types of patterned weaving - terme-taar, kadjary, beshkeshte. Terme is considered to be the most difficult of all types of weaving. “Terme” is a dense and thick fabric 3-10 cm wide with an uneven surface.

Today, thanks to the effort and hard work of modern craftswomen, the terme fabric is known to almost everyone. However, until quite recently there was a danger that this beautiful, rather complex method of weaving would disappear.

Terme fabric is manufactured via fumigation methods. Its popular name "terme" reflects this as it means prefabricated. In its production, the warp threads are created, gathered in pairs on a stick (tergich) during weaving, and temporarily, in connection with the pattern, removed from the interweaving of the warp and weft threads. These warp threads are later re-intertwined with the weft according to the pattern, at which point they enter the throat, and through one weft again protrude upward. This weaving technique explains the deepening of the dotted design in the fabric and results in a font-based mechanism. On the backside of the terme fabric, there are transverse stripes alternating in color.

The yarn for the terme warp is made from sheep and yak wool. It is prepared in the form of tightly twisted straight threads, which the craftswomen call "byshyk" (strong or durable). The weft contains dark-colored threads, as they are invisible. Such threads twist much more weakly.

Terme yarns are dyed with natural dyes obtained from various berries and plants. In fabrics made in recent years, combinations of gray and blue, blue and orange, and brown and yellow have been used. Natural brown wool is usually introduced to create the border line. An unpainted cotton thread is also used, with the help of which the pattern is created.

There are also terme stripe patterns called eki juzduu (double-sided). There is no wrong side to this pattern. Such terme is woven up to 6-8 cm wide and is used as a braid in the “jel boo” which hang down from the top of the dome of the yurt, allowing it to be seen from all sides. Contemporary designers have found another use for eki juzduu, using them as handles for bags. Terme was also previously, and continues to be, widely used in the manufacture of "ayak kap", "kurjun" (saddle bag), carpets, horse equipment and other various accessories.

Caring for such painstaking work requires a lot of attention and care since terme is made exclusively from natural wool. To preserve the integrity of the fabric, you need to use anti-moth sprays from time to time. You can clean or wash terme in a washing machine at 30 degrees. Terme paints do not fade, and the fabric itself does not stretch.

The Kyrgyz people highly appreciate the craftswomen who know this technique. This is reflected in folklore. In lamentations ("koshok") after the death of a good craftswoman, her art of weaving patterned terme is always highlighted

Kochkor Muiuz Terme
Kochkor Muiuz Terme
Kochkor Muiuz Terme
Kochkor Muiuz Terme
Kochkor Muiuz Terme
Kochkor Muiuz Terme
According to many researchers, the horn-like design in this terme has a zoomorphic origin,...
В наличии
Color
Tumar Terme
Tumar Terme
Tumar Terme
Tumar Terme
Tumar Terme
Tumar Terme
​At first glance, this terme does not differ from many others, but, if you look closely, you can...
В наличии
Color
Tai Tuyak Terme
Tai Tuyak Terme
Tai Tuyak Terme
Tai Tuyak Terme
Tai Tuyak Terme
​The terme with "tai tuyak" pattern is made of natural woolen yarn. This design has several...
Под заказ
Color
Bychak Uchu Terme
Bychak Uchu Terme
Bychak Uchu Terme
Bychak Uchu Terme
Bychak Uchu Terme
Bychak Uchu Terme
Kyrgyz craftswomen have received inspiration from the environment and skillfully reflected this...
Под заказ
Color
Kaikalak Ilmek
Kaikalak Ilmek
Kaikalak Ilmek
Kaikalak Ilmek
Kaikalak Ilmek
​The art of weaving is a rather laborious job. There is no special educational institution in...
Под заказ
Color
Dog's Tail Terme
Dog's Tail Terme
Dog's Tail Terme
Dog's Tail Terme
Dog's Tail Terme
​​The "it kuyruk" (dog's tail) pattern, depicted on this terme, is an S-shaped figure. The root...
Под заказ
Color
Kaikala Terme
Kaikala Terme
Kaikala Terme
Kaikala Terme
Kaikala Terme
​The pattern depicted on this terme is called "kaikalak" and signifies movement. Among the...
Под заказ
Color
Koi Koz Terme
Koi Koz Terme
Koi Koz Terme
Koi Koz Terme
Koi Koz Terme
Koi Koz Terme
Шерсть овцы - основа практически всего прикладного искусства кыргызов. Из нее делают юрту,...
Под заказ
Color
Kochkor Muyuz Terme
Kochkor Muyuz Terme
Kochkor Muyuz Terme
Kochkor Muyuz Terme
Kochkor Muyuz Terme
Kochkor Muyuz Terme
The "kochkor muyuz" (ram's horn) Ornament, woven on this terme, is the most common pattern, the...
Под заказ
Color
Kyrk Shak Terme
Kyrk Shak Terme
Kyrk Shak Terme
Kyrk Shak Terme
Kyrk Shak Terme
Kyrk Shak Terme
The number forty has a sacred meaning among Kyrgyz people. It is often mentioned in history,...
Под заказ
Color
Eki Juzduu Kaikalak Terme
Eki Juzduu Kaikalak Terme
Eki Juzduu Kaikalak Terme
Eki Juzduu Kaikalak Terme
Eki Juzduu Kaikalak Terme
This double-sided terme with "eki juzduu kaykalak" ornamentation can be an adornment for many...
Под заказ
Color
Мы используем cookies для быстрой и удобной работы сайта. Продолжая пользоваться сайтом, вы принимаете условия обработки персональных данных.
phone